Monthly Archives: October 2011


Bugzilla: File a Bug by Email

Want a fast and easy way to file a bug?

Now you can file bugs simply by sending an email.

Bugzilla, hosted by devZing, has a feature that allows a user to send an email to an email address. Bugzilla reads the email and automatically puts the bug into tracking phase.

Interested? Here’s how it works…

Set up

Administrators: Start with an email address your users can send their defects and comments to. Log into your devZing account (http://devzing.com/login) and click the Manage Global Settings link and scroll down to the Email Bugs section.

Enter the information about your email account.

The port number depends on how the mail server is set up.

Typical port assignment:

POP3=110, IMAP=143, Secure IMAP (IMAP4-SSL)=585, IMAP4 over SSL (IMAPS)=993, Secure POP3 (SSL-POP)=995.

If you don’t know the value for one of the fields check with your System Administrator. (Or check your email provider’s help documents.)

Helpful hint: Use the devZing history section to track errors once users start sending emails.

Sending the Emails

Users must follow a few guidelines when they send emails to the administrator. These are necessary steps to enable Bugzilla to receive and correctly read the emails.

First get the email address from your Bugzilla administrator. Your email address must be the same address you use to login to Bugzilla.

Subject Line: Put a summary of the bug as your subject line.

Follow this guide for writing the email contents…

Any fields (see below) must be specified before your bug description.

Here is a list of all the different fields you can specify in your email:

Field Name

Description

Must Match?*

Required?

@product

The name of the product the bug is being filed against.

Yes

Yes

@component

The name of a component in the product above.

Yes

Yes

@version

A version of the product above; the version the bug was found in.

Yes

Yes

@summary

A brief description of the bug being filed. If you specify this field it will override the summary you specified in your email subject line.

No

No

@platform

What type of hardware the bug was experienced on.

Yes

Maybe**

@severity

How severe the bug is.

Yes

Maybe**

@op_sys

The operating system the bug was discovered on.

Yes

Maybe**

@priority

What order the bug will be fixed in by the developer, compared to the developer’s other bugs.

Yes

Maybe**

@alias

A brief alias for the bug that can be used instead of a bug number when accessing this bug. Must be unique in all of this Bugzilla.

No

No

@assigned_to

A user to assign this bug to, if you don’t want it to be assigned to the component owner.

Yes

No

@qa_contact

If this installation has QA Contacts enabled, you can set the QA Contact here if you don’t want to use the component’s default QA Contact.

Yes

No

@status

The status that this bug should start out as. Note that only certain statuses can be set on bug creation.

Yes

No

@target_milestone

A valid target milestone for this product.

Yes

No

@cc

A comma separated list of users to CC on this bug.

Yes

No

@id

Specifies the bug number to modify. See “Modifying an Existing Bug” below for more information.

Yes

No

@removecc

A comma separated list of users to remove from the CC list on this bug. Note you can only use this field if you are updating an existing bug.

Yes

No

* The value must match exactly one of the names defined in your Bugzilla for this field.
** It is possible that your Bugzilla administrator has provided a default value for this field.

In addition to the above parameters, if your installation has any custom fields, you can set them just by passing in the name of the field and its value as a string.

The values for the fields can be split across multiple lines, but note that a newline will be parsed as a single space, for the value. So, for example:

@summary This is a very long
description

Will be parsed as “This is a very long description”.

Note that signatures must start with ‘– ‘, the standard signature border.

Modifying an Existing Bug

Bugzilla determines what bug you want to modify in one of two ways:

  • Your subject starts with [Bug 123456] — then it modifies bug 123456.
  • You include @id 123456 in the first lines of the email.

If you do both, @id takes precedence.

You send your email in the same format as for creating a bug, except that you only specify the fields you want to change. If the very first non-blank line of the email doesn’t begin with@, then it will be assumed that you are only adding a comment to the bug.

Note that when updating a bug, the Subject header is ignored, except for getting the bug ID. If you want to change the bug’s summary, you have to specify @summary as one of the fields to change.

Please remember not to include any extra text in your emails, as that text will also be added as a comment. This includes any text that your email client automatically quoted and included, if this is a reply to another email.

Errors

If your request cannot be completed for any reason, Bugzilla will send an email back to you. If your request succeeds, Bugzilla will not send you anything.

If any part of your request fails, all of it will fail. No partial changes will happen.

Caution

The script does not do any validation that the user is who they say they are. That is, it accepts any ‘From’ address, as long as it’s a valid Bugzilla account. So make sure that your MTA validates that the message is actually coming from who it says it’s coming from, and only allow access to the inbound email system from people you trust.


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